You Are Viewing Great Wine News Basics
 
 

Appellations and Global Viticultural Areas

Appellation systems are used throughout the world.  The main appellations include: appellation d’origine contrôlée (AOC) used in France, the denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) used in Italy, the denominação de origem controlada (DOC) used in Portugal, and the denominación de origen (DO) system used in Spain.

Each body of guidelines and laws are set by the country and individual locations.  These systems sustain and enhance the quality and consistency of products for consumers.  Great Wine News has gathered the names of the appellations from each part of the world.  It is a lengthy list and provides insight into the importance and breadth of the systems across the globe.

Definition:

Under U.S. regulations an appellation of origin is –

  • A country
  • A U.S. state or the foreign equivalent
  • For U.S. wine, a listing of up to 3 states (multi-state appellation)
  • A U.S. county or the foreign equivalent
  • For U.S. wine, a listing of up to 3 counties (multi-county appellation)
  • A U.S. or foreign government recognized delimited grape-growing area (referred to as a “viticultural area” under U.S. regulations)

 

Appellations of origin are only defined for use on wine. All appellations of origin apply to grape wine. U.S. or foreign viticultural area appellations of origin apply only to grape wine.  Country, state (or foreign equivalent), multi-state (U.S. wine only), county (or foreign equivalent) or multi-county (U.S. wine only) appellations of origin apply to non-grape wine only if permissible under the laws and regulations of the labeled appellation of origin.

 

Whether mandatory or optional, an appellation of origin may be used on a wine label only if:

For U.S. Wine:

  • With an “American” (country), state or county appellation of origin:
  1. Not less than 75 percent of the volume of the wine is derived from grapes (or other agricultural commodity) grown in the labeled appellation of origin.
  2. The wine is fully finished (except for cellar treatment and/or blending which does not alter the class and type of the wine) in the labeled appellation of origin.
  3. The wine conforms to the laws and regulations of the labeled appellation of origin governing the composition, method of production and designation of wine produced in the labeled appellation area.
  • With a multi-state appellation of origin comprised of not more than 3 states:
  1. The states are geographically contiguous. One hundred percent of the wine is derived from grapes (or other agricultural commodity) grown in the labeled states.
  2. The wine is fully finished (except for cellar treatment and/or blending which does not alter the class and type of the wine) in one of the labeled states.
  3. The percentage of wine derived from grapes (or other agricultural commodity) grown in each of the labeled states is shown on the label.
  4. The wine conforms to the laws and regulations governing the composition, method of production and designation of wine in all the states listed in the appellation.
  • With a multi-county appellation of origin comprised of not more than 3 counties:
  1. All of the counties are in the same state.
  2. One hundred percent of the wine is derived from grapes (or other agricultural commodity) grown in the labeled counties.
  3. The percentage of wine derived from grapes (or other agricultural commodity) grown in each county is shown on the label.
  • With a viticultural area appellation of origin:
  1. The labeled area is an American viticultural area approved under U.S. regulations.
  2. Not less than 85 percent of the volume of the wine is derived from grapes grown in the labeled viticultural area.
  3. The wine is fully finished (except for cellar treatment and/or blending which does not alter the class and type of the wine) in the state or one of the states where the viticultural area is located.

For Imported Wine:

  • With a country, foreign equivalent of a state or foreign equivalent of a county appellation of origin:
  1. Not less than 75 percent of the volume of the wine is derived from grapes (or other agricultural commodity) grown in the labeled appellation of origin.
  2. The wine conforms to the requirements of the foreign laws and regulations governing the composition, method of production and designation of wine available within the country of origin.
  • With a Viticultural Area Appellation of Origin:
  1. The labeled area is recognized by the government of the country of origin as a delimited grape-growing/viticultural area.
  2. Not less than 85 percent of the volume of the wine is derived from grapes grown in the labeled viticultural area.
  3. The wine conforms to the requirements of the foreign laws and regulations governing the composition, method of production and designation of wine available within the country of origin.

 

If you are looking for more detail on U.S. standards, please visit the website: http://www.ttb.gov/appellation/index.shtml#definition

Be Sociable, Share Great Wine News!